Why Does My F150 Rattle When I Start It – DIY FIX

Has your 3.5 Eco boost started making a very annoying rattling noise? Does it usually happens on cold start after the truck has been standing for a few hours? This phenomenon is synonymous with Gen 2 F150s with mileage close to 30000 mi or more. The good news is that it’s not catastrophic and there is a quick explanation and DIY solution to your problem, so keep reading.

Gen 2 Ford F150 Raptor are known to make a rattling noise when the phaser duty cycle in the PCM (Power Control Module) calibration causes premature ware of the phaser locking pin. When the phasers don’t lock properly it causes them to rattle until there is sufficient oil pressure to fill the VCT (Variable Camshaft Tuning) unit.

This is a known issue and Ford should repair it under warranty.

Now that we have the technical explanation of what the cause is, let’s now look at the solution in more detail and later what DIY fix we have to prevent the rattle upon cold start.

Why Does My F150 Rattle When I Start It – DIY SOLUTION

Ford rattle on startup - F150

The next section explains in a bit more detail what happens with the cam phasers then we look at a quick 6-second DIY fix and later what real-world Gen 2 F150 Owners have to say about the rattle noise.

Option #1 – Cam Phasers

What are Cam Phasers and what job are they designed to do? Basically, Cam phasers are located in the head and are designed to lock at base timing after shutting down. Why is this important? It’s important because this allows time for oil pressure to build in the heads on the next cold start. How does this happen? The oil pressure unseats the locking pin and the PCM (Power Control Module) can then control the phaser position via the VCT solenoid.

What happens when the phasers don’t lock properly? When the phasers don’t properly lock, they rattle until there is sufficient oil pressure to fill the VCT unit.

Quick test: How to Perform the Extended Cranking
You can force the engine to build sufficient pressure by holding the gas pedal to the floor and simultaneously turning the key for about 6 seconds. Do this after a few hours of standing or on your first morning start-up. By depressing the gas pedal and starting the ignition, it will swing the starter without allowing the engine actually to start.

What does this do? It will allow the engine to build enough oil pressure. After about 6 seconds, let off the gas and turn the key again. If you don’t hear the startup rattle then the problem is confirmed to be your cam phasers.

Option #2 – The Cause

F150 IWE Grinding problem

It’s a very technical explanation and I’m no qualified mechanical engineer, but I’ll try to explain it in lemans terms regarding what causes the rattling noise.

Basically, there’s a pin that gets worn out prematurely. The issue is that the phaser duty cycle in the PCM calibration was causing premature ware of the phaser locking pin. On cold-start the phaser would be at base timing with the locking pin engaged. Oil pressure regulated by the VCT solenoid unseats the locking pin and allows the phaser to adjust timing. If the locking pin is worn the phaser will rattle until oil pressure fills the oil cavities.

Option #3 – The DIY Fix

By carrying out the above DIY process, you are simply masking the issue by allowing or forcing the engine to build oil pressure before it starts. This eliminates the rattle noise, temporarily.

As mentioned previously, Ford are aware of the problem and released a TSB to rectify all vehicles under warranty.

(WATCH) 3.5L Ecoboost F150 Rattle On Startup Then Gone – VIDEO

Watch Ford Boss Me below for a clear explanaition of the cause as well as the DIY Startup procedure.
Don’t forget to LIKE and SUBSCRIBE to his channel, thanks!

FORD F150 Owner Experience/Feedback

F150 Owner Experience/Feedback #1

My 2018 3.5 EB F150 XLT Screw FX4 Max Tow has the phaser rattle pretty bad. It started about 30,000 mi and currently has 45k. It is my understanding that the pin that’s supposed to keep it quiet has failed. The obvious solution is a pre-oiler. I saw FordBossMe link to a YouTube video of one being installed on a late model Expedition. It would be nice if the Ford aftermarket guys would make a complete kit so we wouldn’t have to specify each part and mount it with zip ties

https://www.f150ecoboost.net/threads/how-to-prevent-cam-phaser-rattle-without-replacing-them-w-video.83650/page-2

F150 Owner Experience/Feedback #2

The gen2 3.5 EB is not likely to need timing chains but it is most certainly the phasers you are hearing, it’s a well-documented issue with the gen2 3.5’s and every single one I test drove last year had noisy phasers, I chose to go with the older gen1 3.5 for that reason. I would be as disappointed as you to have a truck with such low miles needing major engine work but besides it being annoying it’s not a catastrophic failure.

HTTPS://WWW.F150FORUM.COM/F12/DREADED-COLD-START-RATTLE-2017-3-5-EB-487025/

F150 Owner Experience/Feedback #3

So I have a 2017 F150 with the 3.5 Ecoboost. It just turned 47K miles and I’ve been hearing a few sounds I don’t particularly like. They were intermittent at first but now they are persistent.

Firstly, the cold start rattle. After it’s been sitting for a few hours, the first 3-5 seconds of start up sound like a dry rattle/slap.

Secondly, the “diesel” sounding idle. After the truck is warmed up, the driver’s side cam sounds like garbage.

After plenty of research, all sources point to a stretched timing chain and probably faulty cam phasers. The soonest I can get the truck to the shop is October 29th. I’ve parked the truck for the time being, but what the hell man?

This is my first new truck. I’ve had all the oil changes done at the Ford garage in case something like this ever happened. As far as I can tell, phaser/timing chain damage is caused by a lack of maintenance but I’m calling BS. I’ve had all my oil changes done at about 50% oil life remaining, or 5K miles on a change. This is well within Ford’s oil change recommendation.

I won’t know truly what the diagnosis is until the shop has a chance to look at it on the 29th, but I don’t know if I can trust these engines now. I live in Alaska and that truck is for everything. I commute in it 70 miles a day for work and it hauls ~6000 pounds with SxS and trailer every couple weeks. I love the power of the truck and the fuel economy but I lost my ‘05 F150 to faulty cam phasers. I can’t be stranded hundreds of miles from home with no cell service.

Sorry for the rant, but I’m a little miffed that a truck with a $42K price tag will probably need major service at 47,000 miles.

https://www.f150forum.com/f12/dreaded-cold-start-rattle-2017-3-5-eb-487025/

Resources

https://www.f150forum.com/f12/dreaded-cold-start-rattle-2017-3-5-eb-487025/

https://www.f150ecoboost.net/threads/how-to-prevent-cam-phaser-rattle-without-replacing-them-w-video.83650/page-2

Conclusion

To perform this extended cranking, for about 6 seconds, depress both the brake and gas pedal and push the start/stop button. The engine will continue to crank for as long as the gas pedal is held down. Once you release the gas, the engine will start normally and shouldn’t rattle.

Vehicles without the keyless start, perform the same brake/gas pedal procedure but turn the key and hold it. Let off the gas and key, and the engine will start normally.

Jade C.

4-Wheel drives and off-road driving techniques has been my passion for over 20 years. Here we strive to provide the most accurate, up-to-date, information about the functionality, common faults and latest technology built into most 4 Wheel Drives.

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